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How do I know whether my building requires an Energy Performance Certificate?

If you have a building (with a roof and walls) that uses energy to condition the indoor climate (i.e. has heating, air conditioning or mechanical ventilation) then you will require an EPC when it is sold or let. Parts of a building designed or altered to be used as separate accommodation may require their own EPC.

The sale and let of commercial buildings can be complex with floors let to different tenants, and with a mixture of retail, office and residential accommodation.

The EPC required for any space you offer for sale or let must reflect the energy performance of the accommodation on offer.

Selling or letting part of a building, where the building has a common heating system: If a building has a common heating system then the seller or prospective landlord can prepare (or make available) an EPC for the whole building. This EPC may then be made available for any part of the building subsequently offered for sale or let. It is also possible to prepare (or make available) an EPC for a part designed or altered to be used separately, if required.

Buildings with separate parts and separate heating systems: An EPC should be prepared (or made available) for each part of a building that is being offered separately for sale or let. The EPC should reflect the services in those part(s) being offered for sale or let. A separate EPC should be provided for any common areas that exist solely or mainly for access to the part.

Selling or letting a building as a whole: You can prepare (or make available) an EPC for the whole building, even if that building has parts designed or altered to be used separately with separate heating systems. If the building has a common heating system, the EPC may subsequently be used for any part of the building offered for sale or let.

Residential accommodation: Any separate residential accommodation that is self-contained will require its own EPC (using SAP or RdSAP as appropriate). Residential space that can only be accessed via commercial premises (i.e. a house with a shop in a downstairs room or a shop with accommodation where the access is through the shop) will be assessed with the commercial premises as a single building (where SBEM is more appropriate).

Modifications to a building: If a building is modified to have more or less parts that are designed or altered to be used separately and the modification includes the provision or extension of heating, hot water, air conditioning or mechanical ventilation then an EPC for the building must be provided on completion of the work.

Further guidance on whether buildings require an EPC can be found in “a guide to energy performance certificates for the construction, sale and let of non-dwellings” which can be downloaded from the Communities and Local Government website.

 


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